What elements can effect enzymes??
Enzymes can be denatured or no longer work. There are only a few exceptions when they no longer work.
They can no longer work in different pH surroundings then they are used to. For example, the pH is your stomache is
different from the pH in your mouth, so when an enzyme from your stomach some how gets into your mouth, it will no longer
work. Another way an enzyme is denatured is because of the temperature. Thermal energy can break down the hydrogen
bond that holds the structure of enzymes together making it no longer work.
Ionic conditions dealing with enzymes
Some enzymes need an additional chemical component called an cofactor. A cofactor is a direct participate
in the speeding up process of an enzyme and is thus required. A cofactor can either be one of two items: an organic molecule
or an inorganic metal ions. The complete enzyme with its cofactor is called a holoenzyme while just the protein part
is called the apoenzyme. Without having the cofactor or the ion part of the enzyme the enzyme will not be able to work
causing it to be denatured.
Enzymes and the Equilibrium
Equilbrium is when two opposing reactions go at the same rate which makes there no net charge. When enzymes
are added to the reactions it doesn't make the rate different. Enzymes keeps both reactors at the same rate making sure
there is no change to the equilbrium.